Well Water Buyers Guide

Posted by Bluonics Educations on


Many homes are reliant on wells to meet their water needs. According to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) More than 43 million people, about 15 percent of the U.S. population, rely on private domestic wells as their source of drinking water in their houses. The quality and safety of water from domestic wells are not regulated by the Federal Safe Drinking Water Act or, in most cases, by state laws. Instead, individual homeowners are responsible for maintaining their domestic well systems and for monitoring water quality.
Usually, the main concern of well water users is bacteria. Dangerous pathogens such as E coli and Salmonella are among the common bacteria that can be present in well water. Moreover, viruses and parasites can also be lurking in wells. In addition to microorganisms, your well water may also be contaminated with naturally occurring compounds like arsenic and nitrates as well as synthetic chemicals such as PFAS and fluoride that leak into the ground from industrial activity.

Knowing the composition of your well is very important to understand which filtration system is right for you. Our goal is to simplify this process for you in this step-by-step guide and turn it into an affordable DIY project. 

Here are the steps you need to follow to find the right filtration system for you

  • Step 1: Determine your water usage
  • Step 2: Identify the issues with your water
  • Step 3: Learn about different types of filtration methods
  • Step 4: Choose the flow rate necessary for your house or office
 
STEP 1: DETERMINE YOUR WATER USAGE
 
WHOLE HOUSE
A whole house well water system will provide clean, sanitized water to use in showers, bathrooms, appliances, and more. This system is designed to work together with several filtration methods to remove a wide variety of contaminants while maintaining a high flow to meet the demands of your household
RV/MOBILE HOME
Size is often important when choosing the right water filtration system, that's why there exist compact systems that provide filtration at a lower flow rate. 
IRRIGATION
Well water is commonly used for irrigation, but first,  it must be filtered for contaminants and microorganisms. By filtering well water you are making sure that your vegetables and fruits are safe for consumption. 

 

 

 

STEP 2: IDENTIFY THE ISSUES WITH YOUR WATER

Problem

Solution

Smell/Odor

Carbon filtration

Bacteria(Coliform) & Viruses

Ultra Violet Sterilization

Taste

Carbon Filtration

Color

Sediment Filtration

Chlorine

Carbon Filtration

Particles

Sediment Filtration

Cloudiness

Sediment Filtration

Stain

Sediment Filtration/Carbon Filtration

 

 

STEP 3: LEARN ABOUT DIFFERENT TYPES OF FILTRATION METHODS

 

SEDIMENT FILTERS

These can be made from yarn, polypropylene, and other materials. Their main job is to capture sediment particles and debris present in water. Sediment filters have different micron sizes to cater to the type of sediment you have. 20 and 5-micron filters are great to capture regular-size sediment particles like sand or dirt while a 1 Micron filter is specially made for finer sediment such as silt.

ACTIVATED CARBON FILTERS

The high adsorption capacity of activated carbon makes it an amazing filtering element. Carbon filters remove chlorine and sulfur compounds as well as many other organic solvents and herbicides to provide odorless, great-tasting water. There are 2 types of carbon filters: Granulated and solid. The main difference is that solid carbon filters have more effective filtration and longer lifespan.

ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT FILTRATION

The high energy from UV bulbs makes it an ideal sterilizing method. Eliminating 99.99$ of all microorganisms without leaving any harmful by-products is the reason why many choose to install an ultraviolet system. Maintenance is usually very low, requiring a bulb change once a year. The ideal choice for users of well water that need peace of mind knowing their water is properly purified.

 

 

STEP 4: CHOOSE FLOW RATE ACCORDING TO THE SIZE OF YOUR HOUSEHOLD

The capacity of the system you choose should be able to match the demand of your home. To decide the right capacity you will need to look at the size of your home and the number of people living in it. Flow rate is measured in gallons per minute (GPM) 

 

12 GPM flow rate recommended

24 GPM flow rate recommended 

 

Most water filtration systems come with a 1” inlet/outlet, if your water line is smaller(¾”) you can use a reducer to connect. It is also important to know that 45 PSI of pressure is required to operate a water filtration system optimally. If your pressure is higher than 80 PSI your system can be damaged, a pressure regulator must be installed.

 

 

Can I drink water from my well?

To ensure that your water is drinkable, you will need to have your water tested for microbial and chemical agents. A robust filtration system with an Ultraviolet sterilizer is needed to filter and sanitize the well water. Even after a complete filtration, a Reverse Osmosis system is recommended to properly filter well water for drinking. A reverse osmosis system filters when pressure pushes the tap water through a semipermeable membrane that allows relatively small water molecules, but not larger molecules such as dissolved minerals, sediment, and many contaminants. This ensures you will get safe drinking water always. Another common method of sterilization is boiling water. This ensures all microorganisms are killed but doesn't inactivate other contaminants that may be present in the water. 

 

 

TIPS TO SAVE MONEY

  • A sediment pre-filter can help extend the lifespan of your main filters by taking the bulk of the sediment content in your water.
  • Choosing a bigger system (20”) means the larger filters will have a longer lifespan than the smaller filters(10”)

  

            STILL NOT SURE WHICH SYSTEM TO PICK?
Everybody has a unique water situation, if you are still not sure which system might be right for you give us a call! We are committed to providing you with the best consultation service at no cost. 
 
                 DISCUSS YOUR WATER SITUATION WITH OUR EXPERTS TODAY
  CALL (888) 207-8939‬
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